Child safety: personal care products sends children to emergency room

Child safety: personal care products sends children to emergency room
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Did you know that every two hours a child is sent to the emergency room due to personal care products? Discover how dangerous products hidden in plain sight can severely affect child safety.

Personal care products like shampoo, lotion, makeup, nail polish and cologne seem like they should be safe since they are intended for use on our bodies. However, in the hands of young children, these products can quickly lead to trouble. And in homes across the country, there are dangerous products hidden in plain sight on bathroom counters and bedroom dressers that can affect child safety. A new study conducted by researchers at the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital found that 64,686 children younger than five years of age were treated in U.S. emergency departments for injuries related to personal care products from 2002 through 2016 – which is the equivalent of roughly one child every two hours.

Prioritising child safety

Published in Clinical Pediatrics, the study found that not only can personal care goods have a negative impact on the environment, but they can also be harmful to young children.

Most injuries from personal care products occurred when a child swallowed the product (75.7%) or the product made contact with a child’s skin or eyes (19.3%). These ingestions and exposures most often led to poisonings (86.2%) or chemical burns (13.8%).

Rebecca McAdams, co-author of study and senior research associate in the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s, explains: “When you think about what young children see when they look at these products, you start to understand how these injuries can happen.”

“Kids this age can’t read, so they don’t know what they are looking at. They see a bottle with a colourful label that looks or smells like something they are allowed to eat or drink, so they try to open it and take a swallow.

“When the bottle turns out to be nail polish remover instead of juice, or lotion instead of yogurt, serious injuries can occur.”

Personal care products disrupting child safety

The top three product categories leading to injuries were:

  • 28.3% nail care products;
  • 27% hair care products;
  • 25% skin care products; and
  • 12.7% fragrance products.

Nail polish remover was the individual product that led to the greatest number of visits to the emergency room, accounting for 17.3% of all injuries.

Of the more serious injuries that required hospitalisation, more than half were from hair care products (52.4%) with hair relaxers and permanent solutions leading to more hospitalisations than all other products.

The ease of access

Also, of concern, is the ease of access to these products. “Children watch their parents use these items and may try to imitate their behaviour.” Adds McAdams.

“Since these products are often stored in easy-to-reach places and are not typically in child-resistant containers, it is can be easy for kids to get to and open the bottles.”

“Because these products are currently not required to have child-resistant packaging, it is important for parents to put them away immediately after use and store them safely – up, away, and out of sight – preferably in a cabinet or closet with a lock or a latch. These simple steps can prevent many injuries and trips to the emergency department.”

Improving child safety

Researchers also recommend that paediatricians discuss the below safe storage guidelines with caregivers during well-child visits:

  • Up, away and out of sight. Store all personal care products safely: up, away and out of sight – in a cabinet that can be locked or latched is best. Never leave personal care products out unattended and put them away immediately after use;
  • Store safely now. It is never too soon to start practicing safe storage. Almost 60% of the injuries in this study were to children younger than 2 years of age; and
  • Original containers. Keep all personal care products in their original containers.
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