New technology for imaging babies born with congenital heart disease (CHD) is currently being trialled by researchers in Leeds.
The Baby MRI incubator at Leeds Congenital Heart Unit (LCHU) is being evaluated by researchers from the School of Medicine at the University of Leeds. This technology is the first of its kind in the UK and is part of a suite of state-of-the-art equipment providing detailed heart imaging during MRI scans.
Leading clinicians say the improved data may enable earlier diagnosis and help predict which patients need surgery in the future.
The technology was funded by Children’s Heart Surgery Fund, with supporting donations from Morrisons Foundation, Heart Research UK, Ilkley Round Table, and other key funders.
The incubator allows doctors to use the latest 4D Flow MRI technology, which will not only reduce diagnostic uncertainty but also lower the risks associated with traditional imaging methods and minimise the scan time to under ten minutes.
Dr Malenka Bissell, Clinical Lecturer of Paediatric Cardiology in the School of Medicine, said: “The research we are currently undertaking makes the Leeds Congenital Heart Unit the first in the UK to scan babies with congenital heart disease this way.
“In combination with the equipment funded by the charity, 4D Flow MRI technology is paving the way to improve diagnostic pathways for these patients.
“Uncertainty can be one of the most stressful parts for parents, so we’re now looking at how we can use advanced imaging markers to improve our ability to predict when and if a patient will need surgery.”
According to the NHS, congenital heart disease is one of the most common types of birth defect, affecting up to eight in every 1,000 babies born in the UK.
While survival rates have improved, diagnosis and imaging of newborns can be challenging. Traditionally, CT imaging has often been preferred over MRI, due to its quieter and faster scan times, while MRI has necessitated breath holds and patient sedation with its associated risk to babies.
The use of CT, however, requires a radiation dose and produces less detailed data than an MRI.
The new incubator will also allow babies to be transported directly from the ward into the MRI department, where scans can be conducted free from complications and distress.
Children’s Heart Surgery Fund CEO Sharon Milner said: “I must pay tribute to the many trusts, foundations, and other funders who helped us purchase this vital technology – thank you for supporting hearts for life.
“This game-changing research will make a huge difference to babies born with heart disease and their families for years to come in our region.”
Heart surgery success in Leeds
The MRI Baby Pod research follows a hugely positive December 2020 report from the National Institute for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research (NICOR), showing children who undergo heart surgery in Leeds have better outcomes than anywhere else in the country.
Over a three-year period, Leeds Congenital Heart Unit performed heart surgery on 929 children and achieved a survival rate of 99.4%. Leeds was the only children’s heart surgery unit in the UK to have a survival rate that was in the highest performance category, being much higher than expected for units of its kind in England.