ADHD: better monitoring of adverse health risks needs to happen

© iStock/Bulat Silvia

Researchers from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia warn people with a history of ADHD are more at risk for a range of medical and behavioural issues

Researchers from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) wanted to better understand how primary care doctors addressed these risks with patients as they transitioned from childhood to young adulthood.

Adolescents with a history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at an increased risk for a multitude of adverse outcomes, including sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), mental health conditions, and car accidents.

Findings of the study

The researchers found that although doctors generally discuss depression, substance abuse, and suicide risk with patients who have a history of ADHD, they rarely discuss safe driving with them and most of the time they do not monitor patients for risky sexual behaviour.

The findings, published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioural Paediatrics, represent the first study to examine the clinical practices of primary care clinicians as children with ADHD advance through adolescence.

Increased risk of medical concerns

Although between 30% and 60% of children diagnosed with ADHD no longer meet full criteria for the disorder by late adolescence, those diagnosed before age 10 are at an increased risk for a variety of behavioural and medical concerns throughout adolescence.

However, of the 262 patients with a history of ADHD studied, the CHOP team found driving skill was discussed in only two instances, and sexual health risks were discussed with only 47% of youth.

Being aware of the dangers

Thomas Power, PhD, ABPP, senior author and Director of the Centre for Management of ADHD at CHOP said: “These findings identify opportunities to improve the care of adolescents with a history of ADHD, Although doctors do a good job screening for many behavioural health risks, like suicide risk and depression, we need to be more aware of the dangers associated with driving and sexual health.

“For example, our previous research shows teens with ADHD are more likely to be involved in a car accident particularly in the first month after receiving their driver’s license, so this is definitely an issue that should be discussed with our patients.”

Medication abuse, specifically the unlawful sharing of medication among youth, is another major area of concern for adolescent patients on medication for ADHD, yet the study found doctors rarely discussed this risk with these patients.

Power explained: “We have found that clinicians are more skilled in addressing ADHD in childhood than in adolescence. Additional resources and training are needed so we can ensure primary care clinicians are providing the best care for patients with ADHD as they develop through their teenage years.”

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